Speech difficulties in children can range in severity from saying one sound for another (e.g. cat – tat), to not being able to imitate any sounds correctly, resulting in an inability to use speech as a functional means of communication.
For some children it may be necessary to teach other ways to communicate while developing their speech sounds. These may include Augmentative and Alternative Communication (AAC) devices such as PECS (Picture Exchange Communication System) or communication apps e.g. Proloquo2go.
Lisa Collins Speech Therapy works with children with a range of speech sound difficulties
Lisps – e.g. ‘s’ sounds.
Difficulty articulating a range of speech sounds e.g. ‘r’, ‘l’, ‘ch’.
Difficulty blending sounds into words.
Low muscle tone in jaw, lips, or tongue.
Difficulty imitating any speech sounds.
Dysarthria – oral cavity muscle weakness due to brain damage e.g. traumatic brain injury, cerebral palsy, or stroke.
Developmental Verbal Dyspraxia – difficulty coordinating articulators e.g. jaw, lips, or tongue.